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Demographic Characteristics

of the Full Sample

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The combined follow-up sample in 1983 was 90.7% white, 50.6% male, and had an average of 12.6 years of maternal education (standard deviation = 2.3). As of the 1975 interviews, 81.0% of the families were intact; in 1986 when the children were 16.4 years old on average only 65.1% of the sample families were intact. The tables below provide the  birth order, race, religion, poverty rates and residence of the combined sample, and sample age at the four time points.

 

Sample Age                                                                             Where do they live now? See a map.

Time

Mean 

Sd

Range

T1

5.5

2.8  

1 - 10 

T2

13.7

2.7

9 -18

T3

16.3

2.8

12-20

T4

22.1

2.7

17-28

 

Birth Order 

%

First    

40.3

Second

25.8

Later   

33.9

 

Race  

%

White        

90.7 

African-American  

8.0

Other

1.3

 

Religion

%

Catholic 

54.7

Protestant   

39.1

Jewish  

  1.7

Other    

4.6

    

Residence  

%  

Rural/semirural

32.1

Town < 20,000

21.3

20,000 - 50,000  

8.3

Suburbs

26.4

City

12.0

 

Family Income Percent Distribution at Three Time Points

The next tables present the family income distributions and poverty rates at the three time points. These show not only the effect of inflation, but the normal increase of income of the aging breadwinner(s).

Family Income      

N = 976  

N = 778  

    N = 776       

Time 1

Time 2

Time 3

1975

1983  

1986

Less than $6,000

10.8

5.4

  3.8

$6,000 to $10,000

15.0

8.0

4.7

$10,000 to $15,000

33.3

13.4 9.5
$15,000 to $20,000 22.1 11.6 7.2
$20,000 to $25,000 11.1 14.0 11.4
$25,000 to $35,000 7.71 23.1   25.0
$35,000 to $50,000 15.2   20.9
$50,000 or more        9.3 17.4

1In 1975, the top income category was $25,000 or more.                                 

Families below the Poverty Line

Time 1

12%

Time 2

16%

Time 3

11%

Time 1, 2 or 3

21%

 


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This page was last modified 08/03/05 by K. Gordon.